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倒装结构全解析1

———商流信息网 浏览次数:489 发布时间:2008-7-7  
完全倒装:

  1.形式:谓语动词全部移到主语前(主语是代词时例外)难点:语序

  例:主语为名词:Here comes the bus.状 + 谓 + 主
    主语为代词:Here you are. 状 + 主 + 谓

  2.使用:

  ①方位副词(here,there)和时间副词(now,then)置于句首时,其后用完全倒装。
  Then___ we had been looking forward to.
  A) the hour came B)came the hour C)did the hour D) the hour did come
  Look forward to doing:
  I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.
  Then 那时候(一般和过去时态连用)

  ②为了是描绘的生动,有些于介词同形的副词可移到句首,后面用完全倒装。
  如:in, out, up, down, off, away

  Away flew the mosquito.
  Up went the prices and ___.
  A) the living standard came down B) came down the living standard
  C) down the living standard came D) down came the living standard
  Living standard 生活水平
  Living conditions 生活状况
  Go up/down 价格上涨/下降

  ③有些句子没有宾语,而主语又比较长时,有时可以把时间、地点状语提前,后面用完全倒装。

  On a hill in front of them____.
  A)a great castle stood B)did a great castle stand
  C) stood a great castle D)a great castle stand
  A great castle 主语
  On a hill in front of them为地点状语提前,其后用完全倒装,1,4非倒装排除,2为部分倒装排除,选3。

部分倒装:

  1.形式:只将谓语动词的一部分(如BE动词,助动词,或情态动词)放在主语前面,其余部分仍然在主语之后。
  2.使用:

  ①so, neither/nor 提到句首时后面用完全倒装的形式
  受够了: be fed up with/be tired of /be sick of
  容忍:put up with
  提出(计划,方案): come up with
  中断,分手:break up with
  I’m fed up with you .
  I can’t put up with you any longer.
  Now, I come up with a solution.
  I want to break up with you.
  I didn’t mean to hurt you. Neither do I.

  She never laughed, ___ lose her temper.
  A. or she ever did
  B. nor did she ever
  C. or did she ever
  D. nor she ever did
  Lose one’s temper 发脾气
  Ever 从不,应该放在它修饰的动词前面
  看题目,前半句“她从不笑”是否定还是肯定?否定!
  所以其后也应选nor 在句首引起部分倒装,把助动词提前

 We don"t need air conditioning, ___.
  A. nor can we afford it
  B. and nor we can afford it
  C. neither can afford it
  D. and we can neither afford it
  Afford sth./to do sth.
  看选项均为否定,选有倒装的A),C)改为neither can we afford it

  I could not persuade him to accept it, ___ make him see the importance of it.
  A. if only I could not
  B. no more than I could
  C. or I could not
  D. nor could I
  Persuade sb. to do sth. 劝某人去做某事
  Persuade sb. into doing sth. 劝某人做了某事(已成功)
  See the importance of sth. 认识到……的重要性
  If only 要是……就好了(其后用虚拟)
  No more than 不超过
  No less than 不少于
  否定!选倒装D

  Wood does not conduct electricity, ____.
  A) so do rubber B) so does rubber C)nor does rubber D)nor rubber does
  conduct v.传导
  conductor 导体
  前半句为否定,后半句也应该选否定nor
  选C
  All animals need air and_____.
  A) so plants do B) so need plants C)so do plants D) plants are so
  看选项,有人选B吗?不对啊!
  Need 在这里是实义动词,因此应该把助动词提前,选C。

  ②在省略IF的条件从句中,should, had, could, were可以提到句首。

  Had he worked harder, he ___ the exams.
  A. must have got through
  B. could get through
  C. would get through
  D. would have got through
  Get through 通过/ he failed in the exam
  .看题目,前半句为倒装,还原为:
  If he had worked harder
  什么语气啊?虚拟!是对现在、过去还是将来的虚拟?过去!
  IF条件从句用had done, 主句用would(could,should,might)+have done
  选D




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